Celts and the Basques
The distribution of Rh- is by no means uniform, and has
'hotspots' within cultures and geographical areas. A hypothesis
based on genetic evidence links the Celt to the Basques. This is
best explained by a B.B.C. Wales feature. The Welsh and Irish Celts
have been found to be the genetic blood-brothers of Basques, scientists
have revealed. (click
this link to go directly to the article)
Further supporting the genetic linkage is a study
performed sampling the 'Y; chromosome of peoples living in the British
Isles by by Dr. Cristian Capelli, Dr. David B. Goldstein and others at
University College London. To view the article published on
Europe's mystery people
Lucotte, G. & Hazout, S. (1995) "Y-chromosome DNA haplotypes in=
basques", a report on population genetics sent to UNESCO .
Q17. Are the Basques genetically different from other Europeans?
A17. Apparently, yes It has long been known that the Basques have the
highest proportion of rhesus-negative blood in Europe , and one of the
highest percentages of type-O blood (55%). Recently, however, the
geneticist Luiga Luca Cavalli-Sforza has completed a gene map of the
peoples of Europe, and he finds the Basques to be strikingly different
from their neighbors. The genetic boundary between Basques and
non-Basques is very sharp on the Spanish side. On the French side, the
boundary is more diffuse: it shades off gradually toward the Garonne in
the north. These findings are entirely in agreement with what we know of
the history of the language.
Q18. Does this mean the Basques are directly descended from the
earliest known human inhabitants of Europe, the Cro-Magnon people who
occupied western Europe around 35,000 years ago?
A18. Nobody knows. This is possible, but we have no real evidence
either way. The only evidence we have is negative: the archeologists can
find no evidence for any sudden change in population in the area for
thousands of years before the arrival of the Celts and later the Romans
in the first millennium BC.
The people of the Basque region have a greater than 50 percent
concentration of the RH negative gene,. The frequency decreases in
relation to the distance from the Basque region into the rest of the
world until there is very little evidence of this gene. This genetic
mapping helps to show that a mutation from RH positive to RH negative
occurred somewhere in the Basque area of Europe maybe as much as 40,000
years ago, as he discussed later. Basques are not regional inhabitants
of an area, as some believe - they are a completely separate and
distinct race whose origins are shrouded in mystery.
Although to all outward appearances they seem to be part of the so
called "white" or "caucassian" race group, they have distinct genetic
differences which does not allow their being classified as part of that
"white" race. For example : Basques are believed to have been the
originators of the RH negative blood factor - the original genetic pool
from which this factor came. While RH negatives are a small minority in
the "white" and other races, and practically non-existent in "orientals",
the current Basques still are over 33 % RH negative. Another salient
genetic feature is the the shape and sutures (bone joints) of cranial
bones of Basques[The Reptilian skull ridge]. A third skeletal difference
is the tendency to having a thicker breast bone.
by James Vandale
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